#唐卡艺术 TangKa Art

2020-05-12 14:21:46 196138

   唐卡是藏族文化中一种独具特色的绘画艺术形式,题材广泛,堪称藏族的百科全书。

   行走在青藏地区,经常可以在家庭或寺庙里看到供奉着一幅幅精美绝伦的唐卡。IMG_9867.JPG

(初稿)

  唐卡是藏语,简单的说就是西藏的卷轴画。唐卡起源于公元七世纪的吐蕃时期,对于藏传佛教僧尼来说,唐卡乃是修行时必不可少的用具,礼拜唐卡可获功德,同时通过观看唐卡,引发关于佛像义理的联想。

  唐卡的绘画颜料采用松石、玛瑙、珊瑚、金、银、珍珠、朱砂等宝石矿物,并用植物颜料来过渡。工艺复杂,主要经过采集、精选、清洗、浸泡、熬煮、蒸发制丸等工艺。一副好的唐卡由三十多种颜色绘制而成,由浅入深,有的多达四五十种。其中红、黄、白、蓝、绿、紫青是常见的基本颜色。

筽.jpeg(绘制唐卡时 比例尺参照图)

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热贡唐卡艺术家——扎西冬智  

 བཀྲ་ཤིས་དོན་འགྲུབ

代表作品:《长寿佛净土》

颜料:矿物质颜料,植物颜料 金薄。绿松石。朱砂。雄黄。青金石。

规格:120*80

类型:勉唐 热贡 唐彩

材质:棉布

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即将完成作品《吉祥天姆》

寓意:吉祥天姆是藏传佛教护法神之一,只有老寺庙才会供奉吉祥天姆,供奉吉祥天姆会让下世投胎到更有佛缘的地方,不会到达其他领域。

IMG_9874.JPG即将完成作品《黄财神》

寓意:黄财神掌管天下财富,供奉财神让家境富足,衣食无忧,但 求,需加众生,所有的一切都包含在众生里。

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以上内容由扎西冬智提供 均属个人版权 

Brief Introduction of Thangka

Thangka is a Tibetan silk painting with embroidery, usually depicting a Buddhist deity, scene, or mandala of some sort. The origin of Thangka can be traced back to 7th century.

Thangkas can be grouped by two types based on technique and material. One is painted and the other is made of silk. The paints of Thangka are made from natural stuff such as rare mineral and organic pigments tempered with a herb and glue solution. Generally, thangkas last a very long time and retain much of their luster. Because of their delicate nature, they have to be kept in dry places where moisture won't affect the quality of the silk. It is sometimes called a scroll-painting.

Thangkas served as important teaching tools depicting the life of the Buddha, various influential lamas and other deities and bodhisattvas. To Buddhists these Tibetan religious paintings offer a beautiful manifestation of the divine, being both visually and mentally stimulating.


Because the art is explicitly religious, all symbols and allusions must be in accordance with strict guidelines laid out in Buddhist scripture. The artist must be properly trained and have sufficient religious understanding, knowledge, and background to create an accurate and appropriate thangka.


Here are some Thangka displayed in the Shing Good Museum:

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IMG_9884.jpg莲花生Lian Hua Sheng-Produced in the Period of the Republic of China(1911-1949)Lian Hua Sheng, one of the most honorable bodhisattva

in Tibetan Buddhism, is famous for his high skill of defeating monsters.


This Thangka was hand painted on a whole cow leather.

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释迦牟尼Sakyamuni Buddha (Produced in Modern Times)

Sakyamuni is the founder of Buddhism. This Thangka was painted by a lama and presented to a Tibetan as a gift. The Tibetan language at the bottom means: Safeness and Happiness will always be with you day and night.

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十一面观音The bodhisattva of 11 faces (Produced in Modern Times)

There are different expressions of the 11 faces. The 3 in the front are expression of happiness when seeing people doing good; the 3 at the left side shows expression of anger when seeing bad behavior of people; the 3 at the right side are expression of praise when seeing people pious; The back one is laughter and the top one is to prevent all sentient beings from falling into evil states and lead them towards salvation or enlightenment.

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西藏医药唐卡A Thangka of Tibetan Herbal Medicine (Produced in Mid of Qing Dynasty)

This is the oldest colorful painting of herbal medicine in the world. This Thangka was painted by a Tibetan doctor for narration of a classic masterpiece of Tibetan herbal medicine.

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大威德金刚YamantakaProduced in Mid of Qing Dynasty)



He is one of the five most famous warrior attendants of Buddha. The meaning of his name is Conqueror of Death”, so he looks very aggressive.